Subhas Chandra Bose, was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy.
Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January, 1897 in Cuttack (Orissa) to Janakinath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. Janakinath Bose was one of the successful lawyer in Cuttack and received the title of ‚ÄúRai Bahadur‚Äù.
He firmly believed that the Bhagavad Gita was a great source of inspiration for the struggle against the British. Swami Vivekananda‚Äôs teachings on universalism, his nationalist thoughts and his emphasis on social service and reform had all inspired Subhas Chandra Bose from his very young days
Bose had been a leader of the younger, radical, wing of the Indian National Congress ¬†in the late 1920s and 1930s, rising to become Congress President in 1938 and 1939.
Bose advocated complete unconditional independence for India, whereas the All-India Congress Committee ¬†wanted it in phases, through Dominion status
Bose had great drive and charisma‚Äîcreating popular Indian slogans, such as “Jai Hind, “Glory to India!” was used by him and later adopted by the Government of India and the Indian Armed Forces. ¬†” The INA under Bose was a model of diversity by region, ethnicity, religion, and even gender.
His most famous quote/slogan was “Give me blood and I will give you freedom”.Another famous quote was Dilli Chalo (“On to Delhi)!” This was the call he used to give the INA armies to motivate them. Jai Hind, or, “Glory to India!” was another slogan used by him and later adopted by the Government of India and the Indian Armed Forces. Another slogan coined by him was “Ittefaq, Etemad, Qurbani” (Urdu for “Unity, Agreement, Sacrifice”). INA also used the slogan Inquilab Zindabad, which was coined by Maulana Hasrat Mohani.
In the consensus of scholarly opinion, Subhas Chandra Bose’s death occurred from third-degree burns on 18 August 1945 after his overloaded Japanese plane crashed in Japanese-ruled Formosa (now Taiwan).However, many among his supporters, especially in Bengal, refused at the time, and have refused since, to believe either the fact or the circumstances of his death Soon, in spite of the treatment, Bose went into a coma. A few hours later, on Saturday 18 August 1945, Subhas Chandra Bose, aged 48, was dead.
Bose‚Äôs heroic endeavour still fires the imagination of many of his countrymen. But like a meteor, he burned brightly on the horizon for a brief moment only.